Jagjit Singh,born Jagmohan Singh (8 February 1941 10 October 2011),was a prominent Indian Ghazal singer,songwriter and musician.Known as the "Ghazal King",he gained acclaim together with his wife,another renowned Indian ghazal singer Chitra Singh in the 1970s and 1980s. Their combination album comprising music from the films, Arth and Saath Saath is the HMV's largest selling combination album of all time.(An Offering, 1991),Jagjit Singh's magnum opus double album with Lata Mangeshkar holds the same record in non-film category.He sang in numerous languages.He was awarded the Padma Bhushan by the government of India in 2003.Singh is credited for the revival and popularity of ghazal, an Indian classical art form, by choosing poetry that was relevant to the masses and composing them in a way that laid more emphasis on the meaning of words and melody evoked by them. In terms of Indian Classical music,his style of composing and Gayaki (singing) is considered as Bol-pradhan,one that lays emphasis on words. He highlighted this in his music for films such as Prem Geet (1981),Arth and Saath Saath (1982),and TV serials Mirza Ghalib (1988) and Kahkashan (1991).Jagjit Singh is considered to be the most successful ghazal singer and composer of all time in terms of critical acclaim and commercial success.With a career spanning over five decades and a repertoire comprising over 80 albums,the range and breadth of his work has been regarded as genre-defining.He is the only composer and singer to have composed and recorded songs written by Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee also a critically acclaimed poet in two albums,Nayi Disha (1999) and Samvedna (2002).Singh's 1987 album,Beyond Time, was the first digitally recorded release in India. He was regarded as one of India's most influential artistes.With sitar legend Ravi Shankar and other leading figures of Indian classical music and literature,Singh voiced his concerns over politicisation of arts and culture in India and lack of support experienced by the practitioners of India's traditional art forms,particularly folk artists and musicians. He lent active support to several philanthropic endeavors such as the library at St. Mary's School,Mumbai, Bombay Hospital,CRY,Save the Children and ALMAJagjit Singh was born on 8 February 1941 in Sri Ganganagar,Rajasthan, India. His birth name was Jagmohan but this was changed to Jagjit after his parents sought the advice of a member of the Sikh Namdhari sect.His parents were Sikh Amar Singh and Bachan Kaur and had several other children,with sources variously reporting the number between six and eleven.Educated initially at Khalsa High School and Sri Ganganagar Government College, Singh obtained an arts degree from DAV College at Jalandhar and then a post-graduate degree in history from Kurukshetra University in Haryana. Throughout this time, and as a consequence of a natural talent that was spotted by his father,Singh learned music in Sikh temples and from musicians such as Pandit Chaganlal Sharma and Ustad Jamaal Khan, both of whom were trained in classical Indian music.He performed on radio and on stage, as well as composing some material, although he subsequently claimed that his father,who was a government employee, had hoped that he would become an engineer.On another occasion his memory Singh moved to Mumbai, where there were many opportunities for music artists because of the Bollywood film industry. He obtained work initially as a singer of advertising jingles and later progressed to playback singing.In the same year he persuaded the record company HMV to produce an EP;he also altered his Sikh image by abandoning his turban, shaving and cutting his hair.His first film role was in Dharati Na Chhoru, a Gujarati production by Suresh Amin.Singh toured the UK in 2011 and was due to perform with Ghulam Ali in Mumbai but suffered a cerebral hemorrhage on 23 September 2011. He was in a coma for over two weeks and died on 10 October 2011 at Lilavati Hospital,in Mumbai. He was cremated the following day at Chandanwadi Crematorium in Mumbai.A number of tributes have been paid to Singh after his death,"Shaan's tribute to late Jagjit Singh on his birth anniversary".Mid Day.8 February 2012.Retrieved 1 March 2012. and some tried to encash his popularity which was criticised by his wife."Shaan's tribute to late Jagjit Singh on his birth anniversary".Mid Day.8 February 2012.Retrieved 1 March 2012.
the Rajasthan Ratnathe Rajasthan Ratna -2012
Teacher's Lifetime Achievement AwardTeacher's Lifetime Achievement Award -2006
Padma BhushanPadma Bhushan -2003
Dayawati Modi AwardDayawati Modi Award -1999
Sahitya Academy AwardSahitya Academy Award -1998
Sangeet Natak Academy AwardSangeet Natak Academy Award