Bismillah Khan

  • Birth Name Bismillah Khan
  • Born 31-12-1969
  • Occupation Artist
  • Year Active Not Defined
  • Origin India
  • Career Graph

    Career beginnings

    The legendary Ustad Bismillah Khan, an awardee of the Bharat Ratna, the 'highest civilian honor in India, is perhaps single-handedly responsible for making the Shehnai a famed classical instrument.UstadBismillah Khan was born as Qamaruddin on 21st March, 1913 at Dumraon village in Bihar. His ancestors used to play Shehnai at the BankeBihari Temple in Dumraon. He spent his childhood at Banaras under the care and guidance of his three maternal uncles — Ali Bux. VilayatHussain Khan and Sadique Ali. All his uncles were Shehnai players for the KashiVishwanath Temple at Banaras. Apart from his uncles, he had training in Drupad from Ahmad Khan of Lucknow and Pt. Laxmi Prasad of Banaras and in Khayal from Mohammad Hussain of Delhi. He started giving his public performances from the tender age of 14. His performance at the Akhil Bengal SangeetSabha in 1936 at Kolkata got him recognition and his broadcasts of ShehnaiVadan on All India Radio in 1938 established him as much sought after artiste.Ustadji has enriched his ShehnaiVadan by bringing into itAlapi like Khayal singing, Jhala like Sitar and Sarod, Tatkar like Kathak dance, Harkat like Sarangi and Violin, continuity of tone like Been and also sweetness of Basuri. He has complete mastery over swarvilas, meend, ghasit, gamak, behlao, lonch, and laffa. His proficiency in foonk, nomtom, kanaswara, gayakiang and tatkarianghas made him different from the other artistes of his era.He establishes raga very quickly in his performance. He is a complete master of classical and semi-classical music. He has elevated Shehnai from folk instruments to a concert level instrument. His name has become synonymous with Shehnai. He is recipient of several prestigious musical awards and coveted Bharat Ratna of Government of India.

    Latest Awards

    2001

    • Bharat Ratna

      Bharat Ratna -2001

    1994

    • Fellow of Sangeet Natak Akademi

      Fellow of Sangeet Natak Akademi -1994

    1992

    • Talar Mausiquee from Republic of Iran

      Talar Mausiquee from Republic of Iran -1992

    1980

    • Padma Vibhushan

      Padma Vibhushan -1980

    1968

    • Padma Bhushan

      Padma Bhushan -1968

    1961

    • Padma Shri

      Padma Shri -1961

    1956

    • Sangeet Natak Akademi Award

      Sangeet Natak Akademi Award -1956

    1937

    • Three medals in All India Music Conference,Calcutta

      Three medals in All India Music Conference,Calcutta -1937

    1930

    • "Best Performer" in All India Music Conference, Allahabad

      "Best Performer" in All India Music Conference, Allahabad -1930

    Others

    • Honorary doctorates fromBanaras Hindu University, Varanasi andVisva Bharati University, Santiniketan

      Honorary doctorates fromBanaras Hindu University, Varanasi andVisva Bharati University, Santiniketan
    • Tansen Award by Govt. of Madhya Pradesh

      Tansen Award by Govt. of Madhya Pradesh
     
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    Bismillah Khan's Tracks on iMusti

          

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